Writing Research Papers Citation

An in-line citation—also called the in-text citation—is placed within a line of text.

"A Pocket Manual of Style" provides the following example of an APA electronic source citation: As with other citations, use a hanging indent for the second, third, and fourth lines of this source.

There are actually many variations for references citations depending, for example, on whether you are citing a book, journal article, or newspaper story, or the many different kinds of media, including audio recordings and film. For such a citation, list the last name of the author, followed by a comma, followed by the first initial(s) of the author(s), followed by a period.

You would put the year the book was published in parentheses followed by a period, then the title of the book in italics using sentence case, followed by a comma, the place of publication, followed by a colon, and then the publisher, followed by a period.

In any research paper, you draw on the work of other researchers and writers, and you must document their contributions by citing your sources, say Diana Hacker and Nancy Sommers in "A Pocket Style Manual, Eighth Edition." Citations, then, are the means by which you credit other researchers and writers when you use their work in your papers.

Understanding how to cite sources can be tricky, particularly since there are different styles for writing papers, including the American Psychological Association, Modern Language Association, and Chicago (Turabian) styles.

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