What Literature Review

In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.

As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis).

The next stage is to use the internet, and this is where the difficulties begin.

It’s challenging to judge the credibility of an online paper.

Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory.

You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question If you are writing an annotated bibliography, you may need to summarize each item briefly, but should still follow through themes and concepts and do some critical assessment of material.

It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another.

Any journals found there can be regarded as safe and credible.A good literature review should critically evaluate the quality and findings of the research.A good literature review should avoid the temptation of stressing the importance of a particular research program.Whilst some literature reviews can be presented in a chronological order, this is best avoided.For example, a review of Victorian Age Physics may certainly present J. Thomson’s famous experiments in a chronological order.It is a summary and synopsis of a particular area of research, allowing anybody reading the paper to establish why you are pursuing this particular research.A good literature review expands on the reasons behind selecting a particular research question.Use an overall introduction and conclusion to state the scope of your coverage and to formulate the question, problem, or concept your chosen material illuminates.Usually you will have the option of grouping items into sections—this helps you indicate comparisons and relationships.It can be helpful to structure your internet research as if it were conducted on paper.Bookmark papers, which may be relevant, in one folder and make another subfolder for a ‘shortlist.’ Conducting a good literature review takes patience and is a matter of practice.

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