What Is Democracy Essay
In simple terms, democracy will not function if individual or minority views and rights are given full voice.Democracy dictates that the majority view will be sovereign in all circumstances.Minorities, by virtue of their religion, ethnic background, geographic location, income level or as the losers in elections – are guaranteed basic human rights that no government or majority should remove.With their rights guaranteed, minorities can contribute to their country’s democratic institutions.A hot topic right now, the issue of same-sex marriages, is a perfect illustration of this model of government.The majority of the nation feels that same-sex marriages should not be permitted in the United States.
The enshrinement and protection of certain inalienable human rights is certainly a characteristic of many sophisticated, modern democracies, however, those rights are not a component of those democracies and they exist only while the majority will exists to safeguard them. No right, not even the most fundamental of all rights, the right to life, in the self-proclaimed greatest of all democracies the United States of America, constitutes a trump card against the will of the majority, unless the majority chooses to let it be so.Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Law Teacher.A basic principle of democracy is majority rule and the protection of individual and minority rights, which, although seemingly contradictory, are the very foundation of democratic government.According to May, majority rule is the only reasonable decision rule that is “fair”, that is, and that does not privilege voters by letting some votes count for more or privilege an alternative by requiring fewer votes for its passing.Stated more formally, majority rule is the only binary decision rule that has properties like fairness; decisiveness.1 Majority rule is a means of organizing government and deciding public issues without taking away the basic rights and freedoms of minority groups or individuals.That is to say that the will of the majority prevails in the governance of society and the formation and application of its laws.It is submitted that the necessary corollary of the principle of majority rule is the subjugation of the minority.An essential process in representative democracies is competitive elections that are fair both substantively and procedurally.Furthermore, freedom of political expression, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press are essential so that citizens are informed and able to vote in their personal interests.To ensure that the will of all people would be carried out and that the minority would still maintain their basic rights a system of “checks and balances” was established and the right to free speech and assembly insured through the Constitution. That is why this attitude toward government is so important.3 Demokratia, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, “A Greek-English Lexicon” 4 “Democracy Conference”. There are several current examples in modern societies about the concept of majority rule with respect to minority rights.