What Is A Bibliography In A Research Paper

When using the 'author, date' system, the brief references included in the text must be followed up with full publication details, usually as an alphabetical reference list or bibliography at the end of your piece of work.The examples given below are used to indicate the main principles.This information is usually included in brackets at the most appropriate point in the text. 44) believe that the willingness of adults to learn is affected by their attitudes, values and self-image and that their capacity to learn depends greatly on their study skills.Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text (in this instance a book) and so a page number has been added.

* Please note that the publisher of a book should not be confused with the printer.Do not forget that you should also include reference to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work.If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: You may need to cite an unpublished idea or discussion point from an oral presentation, such as a lecture.The publisher's name is normally on a book's main title page, and often on the book's spine too.Your source should be acknowledged every time the point that you make, or the data or other information that you use, is substantially that of another writer and not your own.Other useful guides: Effective note making, Avoiding plagiarism.When you are writing an essay, report, dissertation or any other form of academic writing, your own thoughts and ideas inevitably build on those of other writers, researchers or teachers.This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made.You should always include the page number when you include a passage of direct quotation from another writer's work.This guide aims to explain the general principles by giving details of the two most commonly used formats, the 'author, date' system and footnotes or endnotes.Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department.

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