Thomas Malthus Essay On Population
The comedy of Cobbett (1763-1835) "Surplus Population," in Twopenny Trash for June 1831, shows Sir Gripe Grindum, Peter Thimble Esquire, a great anti-population philosopher, and a bunch of villagers, at sixes and sevens over projected matings, with Sir Gripe Grindum finishing up in the horse pond.(9) In addition, when Malthus got married and had three children, the critics quickly grabbed the chance to jeer at the multiplication of his own offspring, for it was Malthus who argued that the population growth will be detrimental to the well-being of people.Unlike in the first edition, Malthus did not publish his work anonymously. The 2nd edition was different from the first edition in structure, not to mention the copious and detailed evidence Malthus presented; Malthus examined his essay on a region-by-region basis of world population.Subsequent editions, which are considered as minor revisions of the 2nd essay, were published in 1806, 1807, 1817, and 1826.(6) IV.Reception IV.1 Acclaim Reputable writers, politicians, and economists, such as David Ricardo(1772-1823) and John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), admitted that Malthus' essay was logical.Malthus was praised for his insight, diligence, and his brevity. (1) Malthus married his first-cousin once removed, Harriet Eckersall on April 12, 1804, and had three children. In 1797, he took orders and became an Anglican country parson, despite his speech defect that resulted from a cleft palate.
More children means food shortage, which results in the decline in the standard of living and would keep people at only a bare subsistence level.
V Influence First of all, Malthus had influenced the Britains policies .
Malthus' theory on population hardened the growing sentiment and opinion against the Poor Law, not merely against its laxities, but against its continuance.
He died in 1834 and lies buried in Bath Abbey in England. Historical Context In Malthus' lifetime, some writers and preachers pronounced that high tides such as the American Revolution and the French Revolution, put the world into turmoil, they would eventually bring the calmest, most idyllic time man had known.
Rousseau (1712-1778) had earlier written utopian prose.