Thesis On Sanitation Management Models

This leads to the improvement of health, well-being and economic productivity and benefits the individual, household and community through the provision and practice of adequate sanitation, good hygiene and the use of safe water [2] [3] .

In 2012, a study conducted by World Health Organization reported that, there was a return of 5.5 USD with respect to lower health costs, more productivity and fewer premature deaths for every 1 USD invested in sanitation [4] .

A key culprit of poor sanitation is diarrhoeal disease which is a significant group of feco-oral diseases that has substantial impact on the mortality patterns in children especially under the age of 3 years.

Consequently, a study in Brazil also concluded that, introducing interventions geared towards improving sanitation and household living conditions will significantly decrease the incidence of diarrhoeal diseases and its’ impact on health especially in children [7] .

Poor sanitation has also been linked to acute respiratory infections [8] , malnutrition [9] and in particular, neglected tropical diseases such as trachoma, soil-transmitted helminthiases and schistosomiasis; as many of these diseases can be transmitted feco-orally [3] [10] .

In developing countries, majority of people in the rural communities lack sanitation and even with urbanization, the provision of improved sanitation remains a continuous challenge due to the inability to cope with the associated increase in population as communities move from rural, semi urban to urban development [3] .

Conclusion: A lot of attention is still required in the development of basic sanitation infrastructure and also, in the promotion of strategies or interventions that influence behavioural change towards environmental sanitation especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Introduction Environmental sanitation is a set of actions or a fundamental process of collecting and safely disposing all kinds of waste within the environment with the intention of protecting and promoting the individual health and quality of life of communities.

Background: Environmental sanitation is a fundamental process that is a key public health intervention which is essential for social, economic and overall health development of communities.

Objective: To determine Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Environmental Sanitation in Semi-Urban Communities in Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria.

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  1. The metrical theory on which Christabel is constructed helped to break the fetters of 18th-century correctness and monotony and soon found disciples, among others Walter Scott and Lord Byron.