Thesis On Child Soldiers Publish Your Research Paper

While the scholarly literature on child soldiery has developed a relatively robust understanding of the supply and demand factors shaping the use of child soldiers in varying contexts, this thesis will argue that it has yet to fully address and embrace a fundamental part of the norm development process – what Amitav Acharya first referred to as norm localization.

This thesis will first provide a literature review of the existing knowledge around both the norm development process and the factors driving child soldier use, before going into an analysis of Acharya’s localization theory and its potentiality to help overcome the compliance barriers.ii Preface ............................................................................................................................................ ii Table of Contents ......................................................................................................................... iv List of Tables ................................................................................................................................ vi List of Abbreviations .................................................................................................................. vii Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................... viii Dedication ..................................................................................................................................... ix Chapter 1: Introduction ................................................................................................................1 1.1 Overview .........................................................................................................................1 1.1.2 The Compliance Barriers ............................................................................................ 3 1.1.3 Non-State Actors and the Norm Development Process ..............................................49 Chapter 6: Conclusion .................................................................................................................54 6.1 Policy Proposals Moving Forward................................................................................54 6.2 Concluding Remarks ..................................................................................................... 55 Bibliography .................................................................................................................................60 vi List of Tables Table 1.1 Amitav Acharya's Localization Theory ........................................................................I utilized the comparative case study method to identify causal patterns across these three countries to offer a second test of these hypotheses.My dissertation suggested an explanatory relationship between NGOs’ choice of strategies and the policy outcomes in each of these three countries.Increasing Compliance with the Norm Against Child Soldiery: A Case for the Adoption of Localization Theory by Nicole Esligar B.A., The University of British Columbia, 2010 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE AND POSTDOCTORAL STUDIES (Political Science) THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (Vancouver) April 2017 © Nicole Esligar, 2017 ii Abstract This thesis aims to address the question of why, despite a relatively well-established norm prohibiting the use of Child Soldiers, some government forces and non-state armed groups continue to utilize child soldiers in active conflict, while others do not.Second, the selection of strategies and decision-making venues simultaneously influenced the NGOs’ ability to shape policy outcomes during the policy formulation stage.Third, the application of the strategy of ‘naming and shaming’ during the policy implementation stage remained effective only if the NGOs applied it in combination with other policy instruments, such as the use of domestic litigation.

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