The Essential Characteristics Of Effective Teaching Essay

Or, if they do remain in memory, they will be tucked away in a drawer labeled, say, "biology course, 1995," and will not be available to affect thoughts about any other aspect of the world.Concepts are learned best when they are encountered in a variety of contexts and expressed in a variety of ways, for that ensures that there are more opportunities for them to become imbedded in a student's knowledge system.

With determination, students taking an examination are commonly able to identify what they have been told or what they have read; careful probing, however, often shows that their understanding is limited or distorted, if not altogether wrong.The alternatives to the necessary restructuring are to distort the new information to fit their old ideas or to reject the new information entirely.Students come to school with their own ideas, some correct and some not, about almost every topic they are likely to encounter.Similarly, students cannot learn to think critically, analyze information, communicate scientific ideas, make logical arguments, work as part of a team, and acquire other desirable skills unless they are permitted and encouraged to do those things over and over in many contexts.Effective Learning by Students Requires Feedback The mere repetition of tasks by students—whether manual or intellectual—is unlikely to lead to improved skills or keener insights.Expectations Affect Performance Students respond to their own expectations of what they can and cannot learn.If they believe they are able to learn something, whether solving equations or riding a bicycle, they usually make headway.Many of those principles apply to learning and teaching in general, but clearly some are especially important in science, mathematics, and technology education.For convenience, learning and teaching are presented here in separate sections, even though they are closely interrelated.Learning often takes place best when students have opportunities to express ideas and get feedback from their peers.But for feedback to be most helpful to learners, it must consist of more than the provision of correct answers.

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