Source Citations

Each superscript then refers to a numbered citation in the footnotes or endnotes. James Smith, For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date.Footnotes/endnotes: The first time the in-text reference is cited you must include, author's first name, author's last name, title, place of publication, publisher name, year and referenced pages. An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question. (Woodward 1987) (Schuman and Scott 1987) When a specific page, section, equation, or other division of the work is cited, it follows the date, preceded by a comma.This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism.These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation and format style.The majority of Alberta's population is located in large urban cities, mostly located in the South. 22) APA style encourages the inclusion of page numbers, but it is not mandatory.Alberta is Canada's most populous Province of all three Canadian prairie provinces. Include page or paragraph numbers if it will help reader find the information.Because online information can change or dissappear, it is always a good idea to keep personal copies of important electronic information whenever possible.

These OWL resources will help you conduct research using primary source methods, such as interviews and observations, and secondary source methods, such as books, journals, and the Internet.When a volume as a whole is referred to, without a page number, in the Fischer and Siple example below indicates "note" (see 14.164).The last example shows how one might cite a section of a work that contains no page or section numbers or other numerical signposts—the case for some electronic documents (see 15.8). This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style.These resources describe how to structure papers, cite sources, format references, and handle the complexities of tables and figures according to the latest Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) guidelines.The 8th edition of the MLA handbook highlights principles over prescriptive practices.The information in the parenthetical references must match the corresponding information in the list of works cited.The purpose of parenthetical references is to indicate to readers not only what works you used, but what you used from each source and where in the source you found the material. Use italics for title of a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report. Use double quotation marks for title of an article, a chapter, or a web page.

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