Sociology Papers On Race Change Over Time Essay Ap World History Silk Road
Karl Marx was the originated the conflict perspective, which focuses on the negative, conflicted, and ever-changing nature of society.Unlike functionalists who defend the status quo, encourage social change, and believe rich and powerful people force social order on the poor and the weak.Further, her nationality, say, Guatemalan, and her undocumented status as an immigrant in the U.S., also functions as an axis of power and oppression, which might prevent her from seeking health care when needed, from speaking out against oppressive and dangerous work conditions, or from reporting crimes committed against her due to fear of deportation.Her gender, especially in combination with her race, marks her as submissive and vulnerable, and as a target to those who may wish to exploit her labor and pay her criminally low wages, whether in a factory, on a farm, or for household labor.Her sexuality too and that of the men who may be in positions of power over her is an axis of power and oppression, as it can be used to coerce her through the threat of sexual violence.The term “intersectionality” was first popularized in 1989 by critical legal and race scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw in a paper titled, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrines, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics,” published in .
This constant competition between groups forms the basis for the ever-changing nature of society.By contrast, consider the everyday experiences of a poor, undocumented Latina living in the U. Her skin color and phenotype mark her as “foreign” and “other” compared with the perceived normality of whiteness.The ideas and assumptions encoded in her race suggest to many that she is not deserving of the same rights and resources as others who live in the U. Some may even assume that she is on welfare, manipulating the health care system, and is, overall, a burden to society.She found, for example, that when cases brought by black women failed to match the circumstances of those brought by white women or by black men, that their claims were not taken seriously because they didn't fit perceived normative experiences of race or gender.Thus, Crenshaw concluded that black women were disproportionately marginalized due to the simultaneous, intersecting nature of how they are read by others as both raced and gendered subjects.Symbolic interactionist may miss the larger issue of society by focusing too closely on the “trees.” An example would be focusing too strongly on the size of the diamond in the wedding ring rather than the “forest,” which would be the quality of marriage.The functionalist perspective, known as functionalism, is when each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society’s functioning as a whole. The government, or state, provides the education for the children in the family, which in turn pays taxes on which the state depends to keep itself running.There are three major sociology theories known as functionalism, conflict theory, and interactionist perspective.Symbolic interactionism is the use of symbols and is face-to-face interaction.Trained as a sociologist, Collins saw the importance of folding class and sexuality into this critical analytic tool, and later in her career, nationality too.Collins deserves credit for theorizing a much more robust understanding of intersectionality, and for explaining how the intersecting forces of race, gender, class, sexuality, and nationality manifest in a “matrix of domination.” The point of understanding intersectionality is to understand the variety of privileges and/or forms of oppression that one may experience simultaneously at any given time.