Social Problem Solving Inventory
More specifically it refers to the cognitive-behavioral process in which one works to find adaptive ways of coping with everyday situations that are considered problematic.
Problem orientation is defined as the schemas one holds about problems in everyday life and ones assessment of their ability to solve said problems.
The problem orientation may be positive and constructive to the problem solving process or negative and therefore dysfunctional in the process.
This model has been expanded by Mc Fall In these variations social problem-solving is considered to be a multi-step process including the adoption of a general orientation, defining the problem, brainstorming for solutions, decision making, and follow up stages.
When a negative outcome occurs, a person with rational problem solving skills is more likely to begin the cycle of problem-solving again.
Collectively, results suggest that the SPSI-R: SF represents a reliable and valid instrument for efficient assessment of social problem-solving ability in young Australian adults.
A sample of 219 Australian university students aged 16–25 years participated in the study.
The reliability of the SPSI-R: SF scales was adequate to excellent.
The short version (SPSI–R: S) produces scores for the same five scales as the long version (SPSI–R: L), but does not include the Rational Problem Solving subscales.
It is ideal when time is limited or when clients are completing a large test battery.