Simple Thinking Strategy For Solving Problems
They will also tend to select standard solutions that have worked in the past.Persons with intuition preferences, on the other hand, will more likely attend to the meaningfulness of the facts, the relationships among the facts, and the possibilities of future events that can be imagined from these facts.That is, individuals and organizations must have a problem-solving process as well as specific techniques congruent with individual styles if they are to capitalize on these areas of current research.Mc Caulley (1987) attempted to do this by first focusing on individual differences in personality and then by presenting four steps for problem solving based on Jung's (1971) four mental processes (sensing, intuition, thinking, and feeling).By contrast, individuals with a feeling preference are more likely to consider values and feelings in the problem-solving process.They will tend to be subjective in their decision making and to consider how their decisions could affect other people.Each phase of the process includes specific steps to be completed before moving to the next phase.These steps will be discussed in greater detail later in this paper.
They will want solutions to make sense in terms of the facts, models, and/or principles under consideration.There is concurrent and parallel research on personality and cognitive styles that describes individuals' preferred patterns for approaching problems and decisions and their utilization of specific skills required by these processes (e.g., encoding, storage, retrieval, etc.).Researchers have studied the relationship between personality characteristics and problem-solving strategies (e.g., Heppner, Neal, & Larson, 1984; Hopper & Kirschenbaum, 1985; Myers, 1980), with Jung's (1971) theory on psychological type serving as the basis for much of this work, especially as measured by the MBTI (Myers & Mc Caulley, 1985).Problem Solving and Decision Making: Consideration of Individual Differences Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator William G. Abstract Improving individuals' and groups' abilities to solve problems and make decisions is recognized as an important issue in education, industry, and government. Problem solving and decision making: Consideration of individual differences using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.They will exhibit a tendency to develop new, original solutions rather than to use what has worked previously.Individuals with a thinking preference will tend to use logic and analysis during problem solving.In addition, Is will more likely be concerned with their own understanding of important concepts and ideas, while Es will continually seek feedback from the environment about the viability of their ideas.Sensing individuals will be more likely to pay attention to facts, details, and reality.Recent research has identified a prescriptive model of problem solving, although there is less agreement as to appropriate techniques.Separate research on personality and cognitive styles has identified important individual differences in how people approach and solve problems and make decisions.