Scientific Critical Thinking
But if estimates of 250,000 to 400,000 deaths due to medical error are way too high, what is the real number? Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes is a superb new guide to critical thinking in medicine written by Jonathan Howard.It explains how our psychological foibles regularly bias and betray us, leading to diagnostic mistakes.of a p53 student-research project conducted by biologists at Stanford University found that the experience helped shift undergraduates’ conceptions of what it means to “think like a scientist,” from novice to more expert-like.Using a set of open-ended written prompts, the authors found that by the end of the course, students identified experimental repetition, data analysis and collaboration as important elements of thinking like a scientist.It is a valuable companion to the Science-Based Medicine blog.The claim that medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the US has always rested on very shaky evidence; yet it's become common wisdom that is cited as though everyone accepts it.The test required students to analyze and interpret information; to draw accurate and warranted inferences; and to evaluate inferences and explain why they represent strong reasoning or weak reasoning.
It is widely held that developing critical thinking is one of thegoals of science education.A philosopher of science argues that science is not characterized by a specific scientific method but by the scientific attitude.Scientists value empirical evidence and follow the evidence wherever it leads.They are open to changing their mind rather than stubbornly clinging to an ideological belief system.This new book addresses the neglected field of research on child and adolescent psychotherapy and does an excellent job of distinguishing treatments that have been proven to work from treatments that are based on pseudoscience. Roy Benaroch's course offers a toolkit of six questions we can use to evaluate the truth behind the often misleading media reports on health topics.“The discovery-based, unpredictable nature” of the antibiotics research, the authors speculate, “might engage student attention and curiosity more than standard labs, which may have contributed” to the positive result.What is clear is that, if we want the next generation of young people to be able to think critically, the same old methods are not sufficient.James Alcock's new book about belief is a masterpiece that explains how our minds work, how we form beliefs, and why they are so powerful.It amounts to a course in psychology and an owner's manual for the brain.An evaluation of a student-research project conducted by biologists at Stanford University found that the experience helped shift undergraduates’ conceptions of what it means to “think like a scientist,” from novice to more expert-like.Photocredit: Getty For decades—for centuries, in fact—students have been listening to lectures, reading books and taking exams.