River Pollution Essay Spm
India's national average annual per capita consumption of fuel wood, agricultural waste and biomass cakes was 206 kilogram coal equivalent.The overall contribution of fuelwood, including sawdust and wood waste, was about 46% of the total, the rest being agri waste and biomass dung cakes.Traditional fuel (fuelwood, crop residue and dung cake) dominates domestic energy use in rural India and accounts for about 90% of the total.In urban areas, this traditional fuel constitutes about 24% of the total.It will be rolled out in 102 cities that are considered to have air quality worse than the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.Cooking fuel in rural India is prepared from a wet mix of dried grass, fuelwood pieces, hay, leaves and mostly cow/livestock dung.Dust & Construction contribute about 45% to the air pollution in India, which is followed by Waste Burning.
These are burnt in cook stoves known as chullah or chulha piece in some parts of India.
Air pollution contributes to the premature deaths of 2 million Indians every year.
In urban areas, most emissions come from vehicles and industry, whereas in rural areas, much of the pollution stems from biomass burning for cooking and keeping warm.
As fuel prices rise, the public transport driver cuts costs by blending the cheaper hydrocarbon into highly taxed hydrocarbon. For a low wage driver, the adulteration can yield short term savings that are significant over the month.
The consequences to long term air pollution, quality of life and effect on health are simply ignored.