Review Of The Roots Of Youth Violence Research Papers
Home Secretary, Sajid Javid said: Intervening early in the lives of vulnerable youngsters is key in combating the rise of serious violence.
It’s therefore vital that we communicate with them directly through the people in their communities who they respect and listen to.
The #knifefree media campaign - which aims to educate 10-21 year olds on the dangers of carrying knives – is one of the 61 commitments in the Serious Violence Strategy which stresses the importance of early intervention to tackle the root causes of violent crime and provide young people with the skills and resilience to lead productive lives free from violence.
The strategy sets out the importance of a multi-agency approach to tackling serious violence which involves a range of partners and agencies.
Building on this, on 2 October the Home Secretary announced further measures including a new £200 million youth endowment fund, an independent review of drug misuse and a consultation on a new legal duty to underpin a multi-agency preventative or ‘public health’ approach to tackling serious violence.
Less conventional definitions are also used, such as the World Health Organization's definition of violence as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation." Furthermore, violence often has lifelong consequences for physical and mental health and social functioning and can slow economic and social development.
The same year, assault by sharp object resulted in roughly 114,000 deaths, with a remaining 110,000 deaths from personal violence being attributed to other causes. There is a strong relationship between levels of violence and modifiable factors in a country such as concentrated (regional) poverty, income and gender inequality, the harmful use of alcohol, and the absence of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships between children and parents.
These frameworks guide the goals and strategies in each field's programming and response to youth violence.
For example, if the framework is based in a criminal agent model, then programs might focus on rehabilitation or punishment of youth.
The ecological systems theory is an approach to the study of human development that focuses on the interrelated structures and processes of four nested systems: micro, meso, exo, and macrosystems. Intrapersonal factors are those things that occur within the individual self or mind, comprised of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and experiences. Because there is an interrelation between a person and his or her environment, we also look at relational, institutional, community, and societal factors.
We choose this theory as the framework for approaching youth violence systems because we believe that youth are autonomous as individuals while simultaneously subject to external factors.