Research Papers On Water Pollution In Pakistan Ethnography Research Paper
Pakistan is classified as a water stressed nation by the World Bank.
There are seven main rivers that enter Pakistan from upper riparian states, including the Kabul River that enters from Afghanistan, and the Indus River, Jhelum River, Chenab River, Ravi River, and Sutlej River that enter from India.
Hence in order to sustain economic growth there is a high demand on already scarce natural resources.
However it is ironic that what the country depends on for its growth is also what threatens the future welfare and success of the country.
These environmental concerns not only harm Pakistani citizens but also pose a serious threat to the country's economy.
The report also stated that the increase in industrialization, urbanization and motorization will inevitably worsen this problem.
This high level of noise pollution can cause auditory and non-auditory health issues.The contamination of fresh drinking water makes it harder for people to find clean water supplies and increases the prevalence of waterborne diseases.Consequently, most of the reported health problems in Pakistan are either a direct or indirect result of polluted water.Potential scarcity of water not only threatens Pakistan's economy but also poses a serious threat to the lives of millions of Pakistanis.Lower flows due to the Indus Waters Treaty, as well as diversion to canals, means that lower dilution flows are available within the rivers of Pakistan.The inadequate air emission treatments and lack of regulatory control over industrial activity has contributed to the deterioration of ambient air quality in major cities.In addition, the common practice of burning massive amounts of solid waste, including plastic and rubber, on street corners by the public, releases toxic gases, which are extremely harmful for residents in the area.Auditory issues include the loss of auditory sensory cells; non-auditory health issues include sleep disturbance, noise and cardiovascular disease, endocrine response to noise and psychiatric disorder.There are very few, vague laws and policies in regards to noise levels.Among these the Ravi and Sutlej are diverted in upstream India, for which consumptive use was awarded to India under the Indus Waters Treaty signed in 1960 by India and Pakistan.Canal networks from the Indus (main stem), Jhelum River, and Chenab River supply water throughout the agricultural plains in Punjab and in Sindh, while the rest of the country has very little access to other fresh water.