Research Papers On Ganga Water Pollution Short Essay On Christmas Festival
A 2007 study found that discharge of untreated sewage is the single most important source of pollution of surface and ground water in India.
There is a large gap between generation and treatment of domestic waste water in India.
Much of this water is unsafe, because pollution degrades water quality.
Water pollution severely limits the amount of water available to Indian consumers, its industry and its agriculture.
A 1995 report claimed 114 Indian cities were dumping untreated sewage and partially cremated bodies directly into the Ganges River.
Accounting to uneven distribution of rain over the country each year, water resources available for utilization, including ground water, is claimed to be about 1122 billion cubic meters.A 1992 World Health Organization study reported that out of India's 3,119 towns and cities, just 209 have partial sewage treatment facilities, and only 8 have full wastewater treatment facilities.Downstream, the river water polluted by the untreated water is used for drinking, bathing, and washing.The scientific analysis of water samples from 1995 to 2008 indicates that the organic and bacterial contamination is severe in water bodies of India.This is mainly due to discharge of domestic waste water in untreated form, mostly from the urban centres of India.The United States is the largest supplier of treatment equipment and supplies to India, with 40 percent market share of new installation.At this rate of expansion, and assuming the government of India continues on its path of reform, major investments in sewage treatment plants and electricity infrastructure development, India will nearly triple its water treatment capacity by 2015, and treatment capacity supply will match India's daily sewage water treatment requirements by about 2020. The Ganga rejuvenation efforts by the union government, the Yamuna clean up are some of the government initiated efforts.Additionally 9 trace metals parameters and 28 pesticide residues are analysed.Biomonitoring is also carried out on specific locations.For context, coliform must be below 104 MPN/100 ml, In 2006, 47 percent of water quality monitoring reported coliform concentrations above 500 MPN/100 ml.During 2008, 33 percent of all water quality monitoring stations reported a total coliform levels exceeding those levels, suggesting recent effort to add pollution control infrastructure and upgrade treatment plants in India, may be reversing the water pollution trend.