Regionalism Essay

In fact, it is the natural desire of the people in a region or territory to make rapid social and economic development so that they may live happily.But in course of time when some part of the region makes rapid development, and other remains neglected, then the feelings of anger and frustration creep into the mind of the people which find expression in demand for a separate homeland.Sometimes it was strong in the face of enemies, always it was weak in the face of internal dissensions.As this loose tribal state grew more powerful, the local elements crystallized in the form of provinces.Similarly, people of Maharashtra can never forget the heroic deeds of Shivaji.Since politics sometimes is emotional, not rational, people adore these heroes and their achievements. This helps in arousing the sentiments of the people which are later exploited by the regional political leadership.Yet what they accepted as permanent has changed, what they thought of as the highest good is now regarded as faulty.It does not seem extravagant to conclude that there are always elements of decay at work within the political tree at the same time that rivals are struggling against it for moisture in the ground and for light from the sky.

Prejudices and biases have a lasting impact on the mind of the people.In Europe the tribal organization, though in many ways weak, was dominant.It might be West Saxon, Lombardic or Visigothic; it might be mobile or fixed.They themselves do not play a part in the political process, but as a psychic factor they do influence their party organisations and their political behaviour.Seen in this perspective, regionalism in India, as elsewhere, is basically a psychic phenomenon. The emergence of the independent Lahore Kingdom under the capable legendary leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a deep and everlasting impact on the minds of the Sikhs of the region.Thus, this development imbalance in which some part of the state receives special attention and other areas are neglected and allowed to rot causing immense suffering and hardship to the common appeared in the form of Gorkha movement, Bodo movement, Telangana movement, etc.There is certainly no denying that social Utopias of leaders like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru were mainly responsible for the lopsided development of the country and the creation of the society in which a few rolled in wealth, the majority of the people yearned for food.The country of more than a billion people of different castes, creeds, customs and cultures, India’s broad regions are distinct from one another.For instance, southern India, the home of Dravidian cultures, itself a region of many regions is very different from the north.It has remained the basis of regional political parties.It is a significant type of sub-territorial loyalty.

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