Reconstruction Policies Of Lincoln And Johnson

Lincoln refused to sign the bill, effectively vetoing it.

As a result of this split between the president and Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate refused to accept Unionist representatives and senators from Louisiana and Arkansas in 1864.

Reconstruction Policies Of Lincoln And Johnson-1Reconstruction Policies Of Lincoln And Johnson-68

Benjamin Wade, a senator from Ohio, proposed the Wade-Davis Bill.The United States Congress was less forgiving than Lincoln was.Radical Republicans wanted to give African-American men the right to vote.He at first followed a harsh policy toward the defeated Southerners, denying political rights to anyone who had supported the Confederacy in a military or governmental role during the rebellion.He also agreed to the arrest of several prominent Confederate officials.In December 1863, he offered full pardons to Confederates, other than a few high-ranking leaders.To receive the pardons, Southerners would have to swear their allegiance to the United States and agree to the end of slavery.He granted political rights to all Southerners who swore allegiance to the United States except for wealthy landowners and Confederate officials.Those Southerners that Johnson excluded from political rights could attain them by seeking a pardon directly from him.In 1866, Congress passed the Civil Rights Bill, which granted African Americans equal protection under the law, and also renewed the Freedmen's Bureau that same year.President Johnson vetoed both of these bills, but Congress overturned both vetoes.

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