Race Relations In America Essay Eighner Dumpster Diving Essay
He mourns the loss of his baby son, but he wonders if his son is not better off dead than growing up in a world dominated by the color-line.Du Bois relates the story of Alexander Crummel, who struggled against prejudice in his attempts to become an Episcopal priest.He argues that "the study of Negro religion is not only a vital part of the history of the Negro in America, but no uninteresting part of American history." He goes on to examine the impact of slavery on morality.In the last chapters of his book, Du Bois concentrates on how racial prejudice impacts individuals.
Cotton is still the life-blood of the Black Belt economy, and few African Americans are enjoying any economic success.Du Bois relates his experiences as a schoolteacher in rural Tennessee, and then he turns his attention to a critique of American materialism in the rising city of Atlanta where the single-minded attention to gaining wealth threatens to replace all other considerations.In terms of education, African Americans should not be taught merely to earn money.When allowed into auditoriums and theaters, blacks occupied separate sections; they also attended segregated schools. Reconstruction after the Civil War posed serious challenges to white supremacy and segregation, especially in the South where most African Americans continued to live.The abolition of slavery in 1865, followed by ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment (1868) extending citizenship and equal protection of the law to African Americans and the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) barring racial discrimination in voting, threatened to overturn the barriers whites had erected to keep blacks separate and unequal.Washington's acceptance of segregation and his emphasis on material progress represent an "old attitude of adjustment and submission." Du Bois asserts that this policy has damaged African Americans by contributing to the loss of the vote, the loss of civil status, and the loss of aid for institutions of higher education.Du Bois insists that "the right to vote," "civic equality," and "the education of youth according to ability" are essential for African American progress.Yet the possibilities of blacks sharing public conveyances and public accommodations with whites increased during the period after 1865.Blacks obtained access to streetcars and railroads on an integrated basis.However, free people of color, located chiefly in cities and towns of the North and Upper South, experienced segregation in various forms.By the time the Supreme Court ruled in (1857) that African Americans were not U. citizens, northern whites had excluded blacks from seats on public transportation and barred their entry, except as servants, from most hotels and restaurants.