Psychology Essay Child Development
Initially developmental psychologists were interested in studying the mind of the child so that education and learning could be more effective.
Developmental changes during adulthood is an even more recent area of study.
The speedy physical and psychological changes that children undergo from birth through adolescence often leave parents and caregivers wondering how best to engage and help them.Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain growth, change and consistency though the lifespan.Developmental psychology looks at how thinking, feeling, and behavior change throughout a person’s life.In the book Preyer describes the development of his own daughter from birth to two and a half years.Importantly, Preyer used rigorous scientific procedure throughout studying the many abilities of his daughter.Biological changes provide the potential for these changes.We often hear people taking about children going through “stages” in life (i.e. These are called developmental stages-periods of life initiated by distinct transitions in physical or psychological functioning.In 1888 Preyer's publication was translated into English, by which time developmental psychology as a discipline was fully established with a further 47 empirical studies from Europe, North America and Britain also published to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge in the field.During the 1900s three key figures have dominated the field with their extensive theories of human development, namely Jean Piaget (1896-1980), Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) and John Bowlby (1907-1990).The process of child development can include everything from sensory awareness and fine motor skills to language and socialization ability.It is strongly influenced by a child’s genetic makeup, environment, and cognitive skills.