Pisa Research Paper
A survey by the China Association for Science and Technology showed only 6.2% of the Chinese people held basic science literacy in 2015.By allowing countries to potentially rig the test, the OECD is failing in its mandate to help governments foster prosperity by providing information.This year, Chinese administrators chose their students from a group of cities and regions aptly named B-S-J-G, after Beijing, a province-level municipality, Jiangsu, a province on the eastern coast of the country, Guangdong, a southern coastal province, and Shanghai, a province-level municipality.Previously, Chinese authorities had chosen Shanghai as mainland China’s sole representative, whose students finished at the top of all three subject areas in both the previous two PISA studies in 20.
Almost two-thirds of all Chinese children live in rural areas, where school attendance rates can be as low as 40%.Ong added that the biased sample of schools in favor of high-performing schools can also be seen in Pisa 2015’s own data on Malaysia.Ong claims a concerted effort to take more samples from higher-performing fully residential schools: "Out of a total sample of 8,861 students, 2,661 or 30% were from fully residential schools.This is clearly an over sampling of students from fully residential schools since they comprise less than 3% of the 15-year-old cohort in 2015." Indeed, the sampling process has some flexibility, with each country or education system submitting a sampling frame to a research firm, which contains all age-eligible students for each of its schools.An independent research firm then draws a scientific random sample of a minimum of 150 schools with two potential replacements for each original school.The 5,700 15-year-olds who took the test scored 496 in science and 497 in reading, and 470 in math—close to the OECD averages of 493, 493 and 490 respectively.Some argue this may herald a new era of creative thinking in Asia, and look to replicate an Asian model of learning.Others point to a culture in Asia which values education highly and is driven by “Tiger Moms” who push their children to excel in their studies.In Vietnam, some students are reportedly too busy with school and studying to take meals at home and eat while on motorbikes.First, as you may have gleaned from the top ten results, instead of choosing one consistent geographical entity, PISA selects a sample that "represents the full population of 15-year-old students in each participating country or education system." What this means in practice is the ability of some education administrators choosing their top-performing students from smaller samples in cities or city-states such as Chinese Taipei, Macao, Hong Kong and Singapore.While most of the other results came from a sample of scores around nations, some countries such as Argentina and China were allowed to take their sample from their most educated cities or regions.