Parts Of Research Paper
The reader may only be interested in one formula or part of a procedure.
Materials and methods may be reported under separate subheadings or can be incorporated together.
Written and oral communications skills are probably the most universal qualities sought by graduate and professional schools as well as by employers.
You alone are responsible for developing such skills to a high level.
"Biology lab #1" would not be an informative title, for example. In a minute or less a reader can learn the rationale behind the study, general approach to the problem, pertinent results, and important conclusions or new questions.
Write your summary after the rest of the paper is completed.
For example, "In order to learn the role of protein synthesis in early development of the sea urchin, newly fertilized embryos were pulse-labeled with tritiated leucine, to provide a time course of changes in synthetic rate, as measured by total counts per minute (cpm)." This sentence provides the overall question, methods, and type of analysis, all in one sentence.
The writer can now go directly to summarizing the results.
For Biosciences majors the general guidelines apply to future course work, as can be seen by examining the guidelines for the advanced experimental sciences research paper (Bioc 311).
The abstract is the only text in a research paper to be written without using paragraphs in order to separate major points.
Approaches vary widely, however for our studies the following approach can produce an effective introduction.
Summarize the study, including the following elements in any abstract.
Try to keep the first two items to no more than one sentence each.