Parts Of A Scientific Research Paper

However, this may be the first time you've tried reading a scientific paper and you may find yourself confused about how to proceed.This guide, which is broken into four sections, is intended to help you get started: Scientific papers are the heart of the science community; they're one of the major ways scientists communicate their results and ideas to one another.There are two types of scientific papers: review articles and primary research articles.Review articles give an overview of the scientific field or topic by summarizing the data and conclusions from many studies.These articles also contain details about how the experiments were done.Or, in the cases of some journals, they might contain web addresses for "supplemental data" found online, which detail the methods used by the authors.

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Throughout the introduction, there will be citations for previously published articles or reviews that discuss the same topic.Scientific papers also contain information about how experiments were conducted, including how long they took, the equipment and materials necessary, and details about how to physically perform the experiments.This kind of information is critical for figuring out how to do your own experiments, and even whether the project will be physically possible given your equipment constraints.Each part of the paper serves a unique purpose and can help your research project in a different way. It usually highlights the main question(s) the authors investigated, provides the key results of their experiments, and gives an overview of the authors' conclusions.Reading the abstract will help you decide if the article was what you were looking for, or not, without spending a long time reading the whole paper.Abstracts are usually accessible for free either online at journals' websites or in scientific literature databases.The introduction gives background information about the topic of the paper, and sets out the specific questions to be addressed by the authors.This guide is intended for advanced high school students and college undergraduates who are interested in working on independent research projects.Students should have a strong background in science.At minimum, it is recommended that the students have completed two years of high school science courses, although enrollment in advanced high school science classes (like AP Biology, AP Chemistry, or AP Physics), or the equivalent college-level courses, is preferable.Original research can be very rewarding and even fun, but it also takes a huge commitment of time and energy.

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