Paper Making Research
It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research.
It does incorporate key words found in the text and may include the purpose, methods, and scope of the research.
Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations.
Before handing in your final paper, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what you have written in the paper. If the article does not appear, try searching using the link on the USC Libraries main page.
Think of the abstract as a sequential set of complete sentences describing the most crucial information using the fewest necessary words. If you still can't find the article after doing this, contact a librarian or you can request it from our free interlibrary loan and document delivery service.
Use the active voice when possible, but note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions.
Regardless, write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences.