Outline Of The Research Paper

This is because it is the most important section of your article. Take into account that a huge numbers of manuscripts are rejected because the Discussion is weak.

You need to make the Discussion corresponding to the Results, but do not reiterate the results.

If different line styles can clarify the meaning, never use colors or other thrilling effects or you will be charged with expensive fees. For many journals, you can submit duplicate figures: one in color for the online version of the journal and pdfs, and another in black and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).

Another common problem is the misuse of lines and histograms.

Here you need to compare the published results by your colleagues with yours (using some of the references included in the Introduction).

The article text follows the IMRAD format, which responds to the questions below: Finally, keep in mind that each publisher has its own style guidelines and preferences, so always consult the publisher's Guide for Authors.[divider]Remember that "a figure is worth a thousand words." Hence, illustrations, including figures and tables, are the most efficient way to present your results.If your paper is proposing a new method, you need to include detailed information so a knowledgeable reader can reproduce the experiment. To this end, it's important to use standard systems for numbers and nomenclature.However, do not repeat the details of established methods; use References and Supporting Materials to indicate the previously published procedures. Reviewers will criticize incomplete or incorrect methods descriptions and may recommend rejection, because this section is critical in the process of reproducing your investigation. For example: Present proper control experiments and statistics used, again to make the experiment of investigation repeatable.Another important factor: figure and table legends must be self-explanatory (Figure 2).When presenting your tables and figures, appearances count!Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, a research center in the Basque Country in Spain specializing in marine research and food technologies.Formerly he was also Head of the Department of Oceanography and Head of the Marine Management Area.Your data are the driving force of the paper, so your illustrations are critical!How do you decide between presenting your data as tables or figures?List the methods in the same order they will appear in the Results section, in the logical order in which you did the research: However, remember that most journals offer the possibility of adding Supporting Materials, so use them freely for data of secondary importance.In this way, do not attempt to "hide" data in the hope of saving it for a later paper.

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  1. This applies to powdery substances By making several solutions of iron (II) sulfate with known concentrations, the absorbance of each can be determined and a calibration curve can be constructed.