Nuclear Weapons Should Be Banned Essay
For example, prohibitions of biological and chemical weapons, landmines and cluster munitions have been essential steps in ongoing efforts toward eliminating these weapons.
Considering the evolution of international humanitarian law since nuclear weapons were first developed and the fact that by almost any definition the use of nuclear weapons would be incredibly destructive, inhumane and indiscriminate, it remains unacceptable that nuclear weapons are not yet prohibited.
By changing the way the world perceives nuclear weapons, a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons would have meaningful impact beyond those states that may formally adopt such an instrument at the beginning.
The ban treaty, once in force, could challenge the notion that possessing nuclear weapons is legitimate for some states.
If the United States were to give its support to this new endeavor, it would go a long way towards reaffirming the United States’ commitment to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) and international humanitarian law.
A treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons could have significant benefits for the United States.
At the 2010 NPT Review Conference, all state parties (including the United States) agreed by consensus to express “deep concern at the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons,” and affirmed the need to make “special efforts to establish the necessary framework to achieve and maintain a world without nuclear weapons.” With this new focus on humanitarian consequences, a new movement called the “humanitarian initiative” emerged.
States organized three international conferences dedicated to examining the humanitarian impacts of nuclear weapons and the legal framework that governs these weapons.
It has provided an outlet for the frustration that many feel regarding the very limited progress on global nuclear disarmament and the lack of political will among nuclear-armed states to make meaningful moves towards a world without nuclear weapons.
The chair of the 2014 Vienna conference best summarized the key conclusions from the three conferences on the humanitarian impacts of nuclear weapons: The Austrian government then issued a pledge to fill the legal gap for the prohibition and elimination of nuclear weapons.