Ninety-Five Theses

Indeed, there does not ever seem to have been an academic disputation in Wittenberg as would normally have followed the proposal of such theses.

Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite &c.' omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit. Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit. Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret. Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario. Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi. Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant. Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis. Morituri per mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem. Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa. Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori. Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt. Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus. Igitur papa per remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari. Quin nullam remittit animabus in purgatorio, quam in hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere. Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e.

The theology and practice of indulgences had been around for centuries, although it had gotten increasingly out of hand in the decades leading up to 1517.

At its root lay a long medieval distinction between guilt and punishment: although true repentance of sins and confession to a priest could give the believer absolution from and therefore from hellfire, sin still demanded some kind of temporal punishment.

From Luther's day to the present, October 31, 1517 has been considered the birthday of the Reformation.

At noon on this Eve of All Saints' Day, Luther nailed on the Castle Church door, which served as a bulletin board for faculty and students of the University of Wittenberg, his Ninety-five Theses, as his Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgence has been commonly called.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

One thought on “Ninety-Five Theses”

  1. If you’re in the process of starting a program to address a community issue, such as violence or early childhood education, you probably know quite a bit about that issue already.

  2. What I had to offer was a simple piece of advice: “Wear sunscreen. The class of 1999 was also the recipient of the spoken word piece, “Everybody’s Free (to Wear Sunscreen),” released by Baz Luhrmann in 1998 based off of music from the film and an essay written by columnist Mary Schmich that was published in the Chicago Tribune in 1997.