Narrative Essay On Poverty In Nigeria
The level of rural banditry escalated between 20 attracting a lot of attention, while assuming increased political undertones in the run-up to the 2019 Nigerian elections.
In Zamfara and parts of neighboring Katsina state in the Northwest, rampaging gangs of armed bandits have engaged in violent acts, attacking, abducting, killing, and robbing villagers and travelers, and engaging in cattle rustling.
Between January and April 2019 a number of operations by the Nigerian Army, such as Abubakar Balarabe Mahmoud, “The Judiciary and Democratization in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges”, Lecture delivered at the 36th Annual Aminu Kano Memorial Symposium, Aminu Kano Center for Democratic Studies, Mambayya House, April 17, 2019.
However, the armed bandits seem to be expanding the scope of their operations beyond Zamfara and into the neighboring states.
Non-state Security Actors The breakdown of authority at the local and state levels has created the enabling environment for the emergence of a complex informal security sector in Zamfara.
Competing and rival armed and criminal gangs operate freely in the state in the name of vigilantism.
“The single story creates stereotypes, and the problem with stereotypes is not that they aren’t true, but they are incomplete.
While the unfolding crisis could be linked to a set of factors, the threat to security in a region already reeling from the effects of a decade-long Boko Haram insurgency in the Northeast cannot be over-stated.The bandits are so brazen that they notify villages ahead of attacks, and impose illegal tolls on farmers seeking to gain access to their farms.The irony is that despite enormous amounts being invested in military and security operations, the security situation seems to be deteriorating.There are widespread allegations of corruption against state security operatives, police, judges, village heads, and even some vigilante groups.The public institutions responsible for offering protection and delivering justice are unable to bring bandits to justice due to inadequate resources and widespread extortion.Some view the conflict as one of the effects of climate change, particularly decreasing amounts of rainfall, on the “scarcity” of arable land and pastures.The drop in rainfall over the years translates into the scarcity of water, which in the context of a rapid population growth rate places pressure on land, and fuels intense conflicts between pastoralists and farmers whose livelihoods and survival are based on access to land.Lacking in security training, the groups are accused of criminal acts ranging from violent robbery, unlawful confiscation of properties of both bandits and their victims, and human rights abuses.Unless something is urgently done to strengthen the legitimacy and capacity of state institutions and non-state actors, including traditional authorities to address issues of corruption and widespread poverty, the security situation may likely continue to deteriorate.In Anka Local Government Area of the state, over sixteen thousand people have been internally displaced.Ungoverned Spaces and Rural Banditry Zamfara State is mostly surrounded by forests (with little or no government presence) from where bandits launch their attacks on outlying towns, highways, and villages.