Name 4 Essays By Thomas Paine
The author did duty as a soldier, fighting the Hessians at Trenton, served the Congress’s Committee on Foreign Affairs as its secretary, and, with the end of the war, had empty pockets and a pride that kept him from getting them full.Yet he was given a confiscated Tory farm at New Rochelle, where he found it too expensive to live.A little cash and his fame gave him short life as a lion.His genius for invention asserted itself first in devising a candle that would not smoke, a blessing for the period, and next evolved the bridge.I have lately received from Italy, a treatise on the equilibrium of arches, by the Abbe Mascheroni. If any one point is pushed with accumulated pressure, it will introduce a danger, foreign to the essential part of the plan.The difficulty you suggest, is, that the rails being all in catenaries, the tubes must be of different lengths, as these approach nearer or recede farther from each other, and therefore, you recur to portions of concentric circles, which are equi-distant in all their parts.Jefferson was glad to see him and letters given by Franklin soon put him in the society of the elect. While Paine was idling in England, his inventive mind evolved a planing machine, a crane for lifting heavy bodies, a concentric wheel, and a scheme for using gunpowder as a motive power by explosion, as we to-day employ gasoline.From Paris he journeyed to Thedford, to find his father dead and his mother in her ninety-first year. Blackfriars Bridge and two bridges over the Tyne had just collapsed, and Paine brought out his iron idea. There was no rush of custom, but his trusses stood the shop tests.
It is true that the divergence of those radii recurs as a difficulty, in getting the rails on upon the bolts; but I thought this fully removed by the answer you first gave me, when I suggested that difficulty, to wit, that you should place the rails first, and drive the bolts through them, and not, as I had imagined, place the bolts first, and put the rails on them.Unrest, always his bane, now moved him to depart from the country for Europe, leaving behind his repute and estate.What was proposed to be a temporary stay lasted fifteen years.This, alone, ought to excuse him from having earned the name of infidel.Following Cromwell’s era in England, the period of 1776 on our side of the sea was the first to give common men a chance.The burning words of the pamphlet, and the series of “The Crisis,” need not be echoed.We know that the pen of the ex-stay-maker fired the patriot heart as did no other; that a wearied people rose again and again at his trumpet calls.I must doubt whether what you now suggest, will be as good as your first idea; to wit, to have every, rail split into two pieces longitudinally, so that there shall be but the halves of the holes in each, and then, to clamp the two halves together.The solidity of this method cannot be equal to that of the solid rail, and it increases the suspicious parts of the whole machine, which, in a first experiment, ought to be rendered as few as possible.So it was that Thomas Paine, alternately corset maker, exciseman, and agitator, fell athwart Benjamin Franklin while in London lobbying for better pay to collectors of revenue from spirits, and was persuaded to sail for our land of opportunity, where the Revolution was ripening. The pamphleteer had yet to be superseded by the journalist, and “Common Sense” electrified the colonies when it first appeared on January 10, 1776, half a year ahead of the Declaration.Here he arrived in due season, with a letter to Richard Bache, describing him as “an ingenious, worthy young man,” to whom the note brought more in the way of acquaintance than employment. If ever there was a loud note to kings and ministers, this was it!