Marx Alienation Essays
In the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (1932), Karl Marx expressed the Entfremdung theory—of estrangement from the self.
Philosophically, the theory of Entfremdung relies upon The Essence of Christianity (1841) by Ludwig Feuerbach which states that the idea of a supernatural god has alienated the natural characteristics of the human being.
The worker is alienated from the means of production via two forms; wage compulsion and the imposed production content.To do so we will look at what Marx means by alienation, the different sorts of alienation that he uncovered, and the relationship between the capitalistic, class society and alienation itself.According to Oxford's English Dictionary, alienation is defined as "estranged or to make hostile"(19)."Alienation (or "estrangement") means, for Marx, that man does not experience himself as the acting agent in his grasp of the world, but that the world (nature, others, and he himself) remain alien to him.They stand above and against him as objects, even though th...Karl Marx (1818-1883) utilizes the rhetorical strategy of explicit word usage to convey his message dealing with alienation.In his early writing on "Alienated Labour," there is a clear and prevailing focus on the predicament of the labourer.Each of us would have, in two ways, affirmed himself, and the other person.(i) In my production I would have objectified my individuality, its specific character, and, therefore, enjoyed not only an individual manifestation of my life during the activity, but also, when looking at the object, I would have the individual pleasure of knowing my personality to be objective, visible to the senses, and, hence, a power beyond all doubt.The distribution of private property in the hands of wealth owners, combined with government enforced taxes compel workers to labor.In a capitalist world, our means of survival is based on monetary exchange, therefore we have no other choice than to sell our labour power and consequently be bound to the demands of the capitalist.