Malaria gets its name from “mal aria,” meaning bad air, because patients used to blame the sudden illness on the poor air quality of the nearby swamps.Scientists now know that malaria is a parasitic infection caused by a single-celled protozoan, Plasmodium.The symptoms of malaria will sometimes be alleviated in a very short time of taking the antibiotic and patients will stop refilling their prescription, assuming that they have been cured.The medication should still be taken, however, to insure that the infection has been eliminated from the body completely, not to return again with an increased severity as happens in some patients.The mode of treatment including the type of drugs administered depends on the severity of the disease and the place in which the malaria was contracted.The basic treatment for all strains of malaria (except falciparum) is normally chloroquine, which is administered for 3 days by mouth.
The drug also significantly reduces the frequency of severity of the patient’s symptoms, making them feel better almost immediately.
Of the four types of this parasite, Plasmodium falciparum is recognized as the most dangerous and lethal string that infects human beings.
The female Anopheles mosquito transmits the disease through its saliva, and the protozoan enters the bloodstream and is carried to the liver.
These characteristics are attributed to many forms of illness, which can prove difficult in the diagnosis of this serious disease early enough for effective treatment.
The treatment of malaria is commonly administered in the form of a DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) antibiotic.