Literature Review Step By Step Guide

This guide is intended to introduce basic concepts related to preparing a literature review in the fields of information systems, information security, and computer science.

Research requires time, patience, creativity, and problem-solving.

Conducting a literature review is a means of demonstrating the author’s knowledge about a particular field of study, including vocabulary, theories, key variables and phenomena, and its methods and history.

Conducting a literature review also informs the student of the influential researchers and research groups in the field (Randolph, 2009).

While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.

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Writing a literature review is often the most daunting part of writing an article, book, thesis, or dissertation. I have found it helpful to be as systematic as possible when completing this gargantuan task.To learn more or modify/prevent the use of cookies, see our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy.an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed.Below is a summary of the steps they outline as well as a step-by-step method for writing a literature review.Step One: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research.Step Two: Search for the literature: Conduct a comprehensive bibliographic search of books and articles in your area.Read the abstracts online and download and/or print those articles that pertain to your area of research.In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis).Sonja Foss and William Walters* describe an efficient and effective way of writing a literature review.Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: in a dissertation, an M. thesis, or an article or book in any field of study.

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