Karl Marx Research Paper
Part of the problem with modern work is that it is incredibly specialised.One can tell because people have very weird-sounding job titles: you find packaging technology specialists, beverage dissemination officers, gastronomical hygiene technicians and information architects. It’s merely the economy that – for its own greedy ends – pushes us to sacrifice ourselves to one discipline alone, rendering us (in Marx’s words) “one-sided and dependent” and “depressed spiritually and physically to the condition of a machine.” It was in the In our hearts, we are far more multiple, and promiscuous than the modern economy allows: beneath the calm outward facade of the accountant might lie someone pining to have a go at landscape gardening.Due to his political activity, the young couple had to flee Germany and eventually settled in London.
Marx is making a first sketch of an answer to how we should reform the economy; we need an economic system that allows more of us to reduce suffering or increase pleasure.Most people agree that we need to improve our economic system somehow.It threatens our planet through excessive consumption, distracts us with irrelevant advertising, leaves people hungry and without healthcare, and fuels unnecessary wars. But it’s like wanting to ban gossip or forbid watching television. And Marx believed the world would be put to rights by a dictatorship of the proletariat; which does not mean anything much today.These jobs take years of training to master, which makes the modern economy highly efficient, but we end up with a situation where it is seldom possible for one’s real nature to find expression in what one is doing day-to-day. Many a poet would want to have a go at working in industry for a few years.Marx also wants to help us find work that is more meaningful.Some of the most important are Mostly, Marx wrote about Capitalism, the type of economy that dominates the western world.It was, in his day, still getting going, and Marx was one of its most intelligent and perceptive critics.Work becomes meaningful, Marx says, in one of two ways.Either it helps the worker directly to reduce suffering in someone else or else it helps them in a tangible way to increase delight in others.Now its maker would not always have been these things: sometimes he or she might have been bad tempered, despairing, unsure.Yet the chair is a memorial to the positives of his or her character. But he also observed how in the modern world, fewer and fewer jobs have this characteristic of allowing us to see the best of ourselves in what we do.