Introduction To Organisational Behaviour Essay

The best known theories today originate from Henri Fayol, Chester Barnard, and Mary Parker Follet.

In following experiments, Elton Mayo concluded that job performance and the so-called Hawthorne Effect was strongly correlated to social relationships and job content.In his famous iron cage metaphor, Max Weber raised concerns over the reduction in religious and vocational work experiences.Weber claimed that the Industrial Revolution's focus on efficiency constrained the worker to a kind of "prison" and "stripped a worker of their individuality".In the early 20th century the idea of Fordism emerged.Named after automobile mogul Henry Ford, the method relied on the standardization of production through the use of assembly lines.As a multi-disciplinary, organizational behavior has been influenced by developments in a number of related disciplines including: Sociology, industrial/organizational psychology, and economics.The Industrial Revolution is a period from the 1760s where new technologies resulted in the adoption of new manufacturing techniques and increased mechanization.The significant social and cultural changes caused by the Industrial Revolution also gave rise to new forms of organization.Weber analyzed one of these organizations and came to the conclusion that bureaucracy was "an organization that rested on rational-legal principles and maximized technical efficiency." A number of OB practitioners documented their ideas about management and organisation.Organizational behavior (OB) or organisational behaviour is the: "study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself".Organizational behavior researchers study the behavior of individuals primarily in their organizational roles.

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