History Of Islam Essay

Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God).The suras revealed at Medina at a later period in the career of the Prophet are concerned for the most part with social legislation and the politico-moral principles for constituting and ordering the community.

With the loss of political power during the period of Western colonialism in the 19th and 20th centuries, the concept of the Islamic community (), instead of weakening, became stronger.

Jews and Christians were assigned a special status as communities possessing scriptures and were called the “people of the Book” (, as opposed to pagans, who were required to either accept Islam or die.

The same status of the “people of the Book” was later extended in particular times and places to Zoroastrians and Hindus, but many “people of the Book” joined Islam in order to escape the disability of the Beside the jihad and Sufi missionary activity, another factor in the spread of Islam was the far-ranging influence of Muslim traders, who not only introduced Islam quite early to the Indian east coast and South India but also proved to be the main catalytic agents (beside the Sufis) in converting people to Islam in The vast variety of races and cultures embraced by Islam (an estimated total of more than 1.5 billion persons worldwide in the early 21st century) has produced important internal differences.

Thus, there is not only an Islamic religious institution but also an Islamic law, state, and other institutions governing society.

Not until the 20th century were the religious (private) and the secular (public) distinguished by some Muslim thinkers and separated formally in certain places such as Turkey.

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  1. Biographical Information Franzen was born in 1959 in Western Springs, Illinois. Louis suburb of Webster Groves, Missouri, and Franzen grew up there—a locale which later became the setting for two of his novels.