History And Memory Essay Introduction

On KEATS you will find podcast lectures and accompanying material relating to these field trips, as well as guidance on writing your assignments.Our intention is that you organise visits to at least two of these sites for each module per semester.Memory is not a perfect processor, and is affected by many factors.The ways by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved can all be corrupted.Conrad (1964) found that test subjects had more difficulty recalling collections of letters that were acoustically similar (e.g. Confusion with recalling acoustically similar letters rather than visually similar letters implies that the letters were encoded acoustically.Conrad's (1964) study, however, deals with the encoding of written text; thus, while memory of written language may rely on acoustic components, generalisations to all forms of memory cannot be made.

Short-term memory is believed to rely mostly on an acoustic code for storing information, and to a lesser extent a visual code.The emphasis is on the often controversial relationship between professional historians and other groups with an interest in the past – politicians and states, cultural institutions, the media and the general public.History & Memory I serves as an introduction to the themes further explored in History & Memory II, and also functions as a stand-alone module for those outside the King’s History honours programme selecting the module as an option.Modern estimates of the capacity of short-term memory are lower, typically of the order of 4–5 items; For example, in recalling a ten-digit telephone number, a person could chunk the digits into three groups: first, the area code (such as 123), then a three-digit chunk (456) and lastly a four-digit chunk (7890).This method of remembering telephone numbers is far more effective than attempting to remember a string of 10 digits; this is because we are able to chunk the information into meaningful groups of numbers.The working memory also retrieves information from previously stored material.Finally, the function of long-term memory is to store data through various categorical models or systems.Module descriptions and information may vary between years This core module examines contemporary approaches to the past through a critical examination of current literature, case studies – mainly British, European and imperial/colonial – and fieldwork excursions in and around London.History and Memory I and II are designed to explore the complex relationships between past and present, promote an understanding of the nature of history as a discipline, and investigate the social and public functions of historical research.Subjects were presented with a grid of 12 letters, arranged into three rows of four.After a brief presentation, subjects were then played either a high, medium or low tone, cuing them which of the rows to report.

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