Euthanasia Pros Essay Kingsolver Essays

Daniel Callahan (co-founder and President Emeritus of The Hastings Center): ‘The advocates for physician-assisted suicide make use of a favourite method from the spin-tool box, that of obfuscation, defined in dictionaries as an effort to render something unclear, evasive, or confusing.’ (Callahan, 2008) Robert Twycross (Reader, Oxford University): ‘[The pro lobby’s] attempt to ‘prettify’ the language of death by not using terms such as assisted suicide, euthanasia, and killing…’ (Twycross, 1990) Wesley J.Smith (journalist and author of Forced Exit): ‘According to Compassion & Choices, when a terminally ill patient swallows an intentionally prescribed lethal overdose of barbiturates, it isn’t really suicide. Because the word ‘suicide’ has negative connotations, and C&C wants people to feel positive about some self-killings.’ (Smith, 2013) During the last 30 years, euthanasia and/or physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have been legalized in a number of countries.The ‘slippery slope’ is the gradual extension of assisted suicide to widening groups of patients after it is legally permitted for patients designated as terminally ill (Hendin, 1997a).Manifestations include Henk Jochemsen (Director, Lindeboom Institute for Medical Ethics, the Netherlands): ‘The Dutch experience shows that once the termination of patients’ lives is practised and that practice wins official toleration or approval, the practice develops a dynamic of its own that resists effective control.’ (Jochemsen, 1994) Herbert Hendin (Medical Director of Suicide Prevention Initiatives (SPI) and Professor of Psychiatry at New York Medical College): ‘Virtually every guideline set up by the Dutch—a voluntary, well considered, persistent request; intolerable suffering that cannot be relieved; consultation; and reporting of cases—has failed to protect patients or has been modified or violated.’ (Hendin, 2002) José Pereira (Head of Palliative Care at the University of Ottawa): ‘Abuse of guidelines has occurred in every jurisdiction around the world where assisted dying has been legalized.’ (Pereira, 2011) A range of euphemisms have been developed to avoid the terms euthanasia and PAS, particularly the stigma of the word ‘suicide’.In Holland and Belgium, euthanasia is defined as being at the patient’s request, so cases of ‘ending of life without the patient’s explicit request’ have to be counted separately.It is ethically and morally no different to euthanasia.Intensified treatment of pain and symptoms may be entirely clinically appropriate, the possibility of life-shortening being acknowledged, but not intended.In contrast, intensified treatment of pain and symptoms performed with the intention of hastening death or ending life, is no different to euthanasia—these are deaths caused by the active intervention of the physician.

From a conservative, tradition-bound country, the Netherlands transformed itself into a hotbed of social and cultural experimentation’ (Weyers, 2012).If it is performed at the dying person's request, it is voluntary; otherwise, it is non-voluntary.The terms ‘active’ and ‘passive’ may be misleading (Walton, 1995).Continuous sedation until death (CSD) for the management of severe and refractory symptoms in the last days or week of life may be entirely clinically appropriate therapy, the possibility of life-shortening being acknowledged, but not intended.In contrast, CSD performed with the intention of hastening death or ending life is no different to euthanasia—these are deaths caused by the active intervention of the physician.Any opinions are those of the author and not necessarily those of IAHPC Copyright © 2019 Roger Woodruff © All rights reserved.IAHPC permits educational and scientific use of this publication.IAHPC prohibits the commercial use or reproduction and distribution of this material without authorization.Published by IAHPC Press 5535 Memorial Drive, Suite F- 509, Houston TX, 77007, USA Euthanasia is ‘a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life so as to relieve intractable suffering’ (House of Lords, 1994; Walton, 1995).In about 1990, formalized guidelines for the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide were issued (Walton, 1995).These were: In 2002, the practices became legally regulated with the passage of the Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide (Review Procedures) Act by the Dutch Parliament (see Parliament of the Netherlands).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

One thought on “Euthanasia Pros Essay”

  1. Our customer support will gladly tell you whether there are any special offers at the moment, as well as make sure that you are receiving the best service our company can deliver.