Essays On New France
Without firing a single the French inherited “widowed lands” from the indigenous peoples.They were able to fit into the economic niche of food producers that had previously been filled by the Stadaconans, Hochelagans, and — after 1649 — the Wendat.The fort was also intended to support Mi’kmaq allies during war.Captured by the British in 1755, the name was changed to Fort Cumberland.Spanish colonies might have enjoyed powerful local authority and so might the English (as we’ll see in Chapters 6 and Chapter 7) but France remained very much in charge of New France.This was driven by the economic priorities of mercantilism, which was an economic doctrine stating that a nation’s power depended on the value of its exports.established the ground rules for slavery in the French colonies.
Île Royale: Established as a colonial site by the French in 1713, it is the location of the Fortress of Louisbourg.
Under mercantilism (as will be explored in Chapter 7), nations sought to establish colonies to produce goods for use in the home country as a chief means of acquiring economic strength.
Essentially, mercantilists believed that colonies existed not for the benefit of settlers, but for the benefit of the home country.
Fur trading was the biggest earner in Canada, so adult males regularly left their farms around ploughing and planting time to voyage west and north in search of trading partners.
This slowed the progress of a farming frontier, even in regions where the French did not have to compete for land.