Essays On Mind Self And Emotion Topics Creative Writing Grade 3
Neu says of Sartre: I believe his account of the paradoxes of self-deception is very helpful, and his alternative account of the mechanisms of (apparent) self-deception in terms of patterns of bad faith gives a vivid picture of some of the ways in which we trip over ourselves in our efforts at self-expression and self-understanding.I believe also, however, that his account of certain patterns of bad faith (as stylized denials of freedom) provides only a partial picture of the (larger) realm of self-deception.For Freud, the unconscious is not a second consciousness, even though we believe in the unconscious within us based on the same sort of inference that leads us to believe in the consciousness of others.
His position did not allow for hidden, subterranean, forces determining our choices in a way that might leave us without responsibility (67).
The book as a whole calls for abandoning belief in the unity and transparency of consciousness, and unconditional freedom, and draws upon psychoanalysis to explore deception of oneself and of others. If self-deception is a lie to oneself, then self-deception implies intention and knowledge on the part of the liar. Other-deception, as in the ordinary case of lying, requires that the deceiver know the truth while keeping the deceived from knowing it.
But in the case of self-deception, the two parties are collapsed into a single person, and the problem arises of how one person can simultaneously know (as he must, if he is to be a deceiver) and not know (as he must, if he is to be deceived) a single thing (68).
According to Neu, in a Cartesian view of self-knowledge, my mind is known to me directly and incorrigibly, so self-deception on the model of other-deception is impossible (I am suspicious that Neu's account of Descartes' and Sartre's pictures of self-knowledge on 68-69 oversimplifies, but I do not have the expertise to give a sufficient counter-interpretation).
In Freud's understanding of the mind as "split" into conscious and unconscious, "one may on one level (the unconscious) know, while on another level (the conscious) one does not know" (69).