Essays On Madness Seaman Coursework Answers
In what follows, I want to focus attention rather closely on one centrally important feature of this whole process—and that is just how that segment of the medical profession which we now call psychiatry captured control over insanity; or, to put it another way, how those known in the early nineteenth century as mad-doctors first acquired a monopolistic power to define and treat lunatics.
In this anthology, outstanding authorities present their assessments of literary madness in a variety of topics and approaches.
This paper seeks to provide a sociological account of one aspect of a highly significant redefinition of the moral boundaries of English society: a redefinition which saw the transformation of insanity from a vague, culturally defined phenomenon afflicting an unknown, but probably small, portion of the total population into a condition which could only be authoritatively diagnosed, certified, and dealt with by a group of legally recognized experts and which was now seen as one of the major forms of deviance in English society.
Where in the eighteenth century only the most violent and destructive amongst those now labelled insane would have been segregated and confined apart from the rest of the community, by the mid-nineteenth century, with the achievement of lunacy ‘reform’, the asylum was endorsed as the sole officially approved response to the problems posed by all forms of mental illness.
He sets up an encounter between her and the already mad prince to prove his loyalty to the crown, heedless to the fact that she could be harmed.
"Ophelia, walk you here.../We are oft to blame in this:/ ' Tis too much prov'd, that with devotion's visage/ And pious action we do sugar o'er/ The devil himself"(III.i.43-49).
She retreats into madness and eventually takes her own life.
To her father Polonius, Ophelia assumes the role of a "green girl" (101), a vehicle through which he can gain the favor of the King.
With her lover's banishment, her brother's residence in France, and her father's murder she is left with only silence.Anger, a reaction to the insanity of the world, can be viewed as a microcosm of madness.We also have obsessions and compulsions deviating from the normal.In their absence she cannot function, so she becomes mad.She is a shape-shifter who takes on whichever identity is thrust upon her by any male figure."(136-138) and "tender (him) a fool"(109) and because she is completely obedient, she complies to his wishes.After Hamlet accosts his daughter while she is sewing, Polonius' concern fades quickly when he determines that he can gain through her unfortunate situation "Come, go we to the King/This must be known; which, being kept close, might move/More grief to hide than hate to utter love"(II.i.117-119.Nonetheless, Hamlet merely pretends to be insane so that he can calculate his moves according to the situation at hand.The internal conflicts that give rise to his tragic flaw, procrastination, prove that his state of mind is questionable.Hamlet is forced into his "Antic disposition," by Claudius, so Hamlet can examine the extent of his guilt, and to carry out the Ghost's demands of vengeance.The root of the desire to pretend to be mad arises with Claudius and his, "Foul and unnatural murder," However, much suspicion rises from Hamlet's plan.