Essays Abt Sex
The gender schema theory suggests that from an early age, children develop mental categories for each gender and that underlined awareness influences what they have learned and remembered and how they apply it to themselves and others.
Gender identification starts when we are troubled and continues throughout childhood and adulthood (Devor, 1989).
The way the brain of the girl is wired, and the quantities of male hormones (testosterone) that exist in the babies are responsible for influencing this sexual difference (Williams, 2011).
On the other hand gender is an existing socio-cultural model that describes social outlooks of masculinity and femininity.
When a child is between the ages of two and three, they start to acquire gender role stereotypes by the kinds of toys and games they prefer along with similar preferences for clothing, household objects and work (Rathus, 2010). There are two major theories: social learning theory and gender schema theory.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.Often without our awareness; our behaviour, attitudes and aspirations have been strongly influenced by the gender role expectations of our particular culture.By the time we reached late childhood and adolescence our concept of gender identity and sexual orientation is firmly entrenched (Wood, 2010).Nature has made men and women different from the very outset in their inceptions when they became human beings.Scientists in the medical field have found that the determination of basic sexual behaviours are not conditioned by society and the process of socialisation, but are innate- inherent during the very making of the babies in the mother’s wombs.On the contrary, the social roles and behaviour associated with both males and females are due to their cultural awareness and the way they were brought up (Lippa, 2005).Thus one can claim that the gender of an individual is nurtured by social, environmental and cultural factors whereas sex is a biological trait and, while it can be altered in the course of advanced surgery, it is normally believed to be fixed and determined by natural forces.In order to understand how gender identity and roles develop, cognitive psychologists highlight the significance of critical reflection process.They are keen in how children collect and grasp information about gender and how their perceptive of gender modulates.The second stage is gender stability (at age of four years) is where the child realizes that gender is consistent and stable.However, a boy at this stage might say he would be a girl if he wore a dress.