Essay Urbanization

An Urban Agglomeration must consist of at least a statutory town and its total population (i.e.

all the constituents put together) should not be less than 20,000 as per the 2001 Census.

and physically contiguous with the core town of the UA. But this is not uniform throughout all the states and still more is need to be done to empower ULBs in India.

Examples: Central Railway Colony (OG), Triveni Nagar (N. Urban areas are managed by urban local bodies(ULBs), who look after the service delivery and grievance redressal of citizens.

Mumbai metropolitan region development authority (MMRDA) in 1974 and Housing and urban development cooperation in 1975 were established.

It also emphasized the urban and industrial decentralization.

There are eight type of urban local government in India- municipal corporation municipality, notified area committee, town area committee, cantonment board, township, port trust and special purpose agencies.

Migration is the key process underlying growth of urbanisation; and the process of urbanization is closely related with rural to urban migration of people.

It also emphasized the need for urban land regulation, checking of urban land prices, preparation of master plan, etc.The census of India, 2011 defines urban settlement as :-The first category of urban units are known as Statutory town.These town are notified under law by respective State/UT government and have local bodies like municipal corporation, municipality, etc, irrespective of demographic characteristics.For example- Vadodara (Municipal corporation), Shimla (Municipal corporation) The second category of towns is known as Census Town.These were identified on the basis of census 2001 data.During fifth plan, urban land ceiling act was passed in 1976.It also advised the state governments to create metropolitan planning regions to take care of the growing areas outside administrative city limits.Forth plan (1969-74), continued with the theme of third plan and development plans for 72 urban areas were undertaken.Regional studies in respect of metropolitan regions around Delhi, Mumbai and Calcutta were initiated. They can affect all of us in unpredictable ways, and they are your concern as well as ours.By working together, we can find solutions to the challenge of interconnected risks: businesses, governments, communities and researchers all have a part to play.

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