Essay Questions On Cosmetic Surgery
Its origins lie in part in the correction of syphilitic deformities and racialised ideas about “healthy” and acceptable facial features as much as any purely aesthetic ideas about symmetry, for instance.
Both of these were imprecise methods of delivery that could cause an overdose and kill the patient.
With the pain and risks to life inherent in any kind of surgery at this time, cosmetic procedures were usually confined to severe and stigmatised disfigurements, such as the loss of a nose through trauma or epidemic syphilis.
The first pedicle flap grafts to fashion new noses were performed in 16th-century Europe.
As socially crippling as facial disfigurements could be and as desperate as some individuals were to remedy them, purely cosmetic surgery did not become commonplace until operations were not excruciatingly painful and life-threatening.
In 1846, what is frequently described as the first “painless” operation was performed by American dentist William Morton, who gave ether to a patient.