Essay On Nightmares
Of course this doubt can only arise when there has been nothing in our dream that seems impossible to our wakened mind.It is, however, only in rare cases that a dream exactly copies the experience of our waking hours.Key points seizing people sleeping on their backs, and often begin with frightful dreams that are soon succeeded by a difficult respiration, a violent oppression on the breast, and a total privation of voluntary movement...[after which] they are affected with strong palpitation, great anxiety, languor and uneasiness which gradually abate and are succeeded by the pleasing reflection of having escaped such imminent danger (Jones 1951).Two hundred years later, Jones stressed the same 3 components as the essentials of nightmares: (1) agonizing dread, (2) a sense of oppression or weight at the chest that interferes with respiration, and (3) a conviction of helpless paralysis.In other cases a dream originates in something that the dreamer saw or we thinking about just before sleep came upon him.Coleridge once fell asleep in his chair after reading how Kubla Khan ordered a palace to be made. Jain is a consultant in neurology and has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.) Antonio Culebras MD, editor. Culebras of SUNY Upstate Medical University at Syracuse received an honorarium from Jazz Pharmaceuticals for a speaking engagement.) Originally released August 22, 1995; last updated September 16, 2018; expires September 16, 2021 This article includes discussion of nightmares, distressed dreaming, disturbed dreaming, dream anxiety attacks, and incubus.The foregoing terms may include synonyms, similar disorders, variations in usage, and abbreviations.
We often lose our identity and dreams that we are someone else, and in the course of a single dream may be in turn several different persons. It is possible in a dream that lasts a few seconds to appear to have gone through the experience of many years.
The latter mistake forms the subject of a celebrated Spanish play called Life a Dream, and of an amusing story in the Arabian Nights, in which a poor man is for a jest treated as a mighty monarch, and it is contrived that he should afterwards think that all the honourable treatment he had actually received was merely a vivid dream.
Sometimes even after waking, we may be doubtful whether our dream was a reality or not, especially if we happen to fall asleep in our chair and do not remember the circumstance of having fallen to sleep.
Nightmare is frequently due to indigestion or ill-health.
When a dream is connected with an external cause, it is often possible to trace some resemblance between the cause and the effect, although our imagination erects a great dream fabric on a very small foundation.