Essay On National Integration And Cohesion In Pakistan What Makes A Successful Business Plan

It was unanimously passed by the Assembly in its session on 10th April 1973 and was authenticated by the President on 12th April 1973.

This Constitution, called the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973, was promulgated on 14th August 1973.

Under the Interim Constitution of Pakistan, which was adopted in April 1972, Pakistan’s first bicameral legislature was established.

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was later adopted in 1973.[25] The Parliament House building in Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan, was inaugurated on May 28, 1986.

The National Assembly has 342 seats, with sixty of these seats reserved for women and ten for non-Muslims.[46] Seats are allocated to each province, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATAs), and the Federal Capital on the basis of population, as officially published in the last preceding census.[47] The National Assembly must be dissolved at the expiration of a five-year term but can be terminated earlier by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.[48] According to an International Foundation of Electoral Systems’ fact sheet, [t]he President may also dissolve the [National Assembly] at his/her own discretion if a motion of no-confidence is passed against the incumbent Prime Minister and no other member of the Assembly commands the confidence of a majority of members.[49] Therefore, the tenure of a member of the National Assembly “is for the duration of the House, which is five years (Article 52), or sooner, in case the member dies or resigns,” or if the Assembly is dissolved.[50] A political party or a coalition is required to receive 172 seats to have a majority in the National Assembly[51] in order to form a government.[52] If there is no party that has a majority the political party with a plurality of seats is invited to form a government through coalition partners.

Currently, the Pakistan Muslim League (N) holds the most seats in the National Assembly, with 188.

Equal provincial membership in the Senate, thus, balances the provincial inequality in the National Assembly and dispels doubts and apprehension, if any, regarding deprivation and exploitation.[54] The Senate of Pakistan consists of 104 members elected indirectly by the members of the National Assembly and the members of the provincial assemblies.[55] Each of the four provincial assemblies elects twenty-three members from their respective provinces, including fourteen Senators to general seats, four women, four technical experts including Ulema (religious scholars), and one non-Muslim.[56] The members of the National Assembly from FATAs elect eight Senators to represent the FATAs.The first Constitutional Assembly of Pakistan was located in the old Sindh Assembly Building of Karachi, which is the venue where the Objectives Resolution (Pakistan’s first constitutional document) and the 1956 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan were adopted.[23] It also housed the first Parliament of Pakistan.After the adoption of the Second Constitution of 1962, parliamentary sessions were held both at Dhaka and in a newly constructed building at Rawalpindi called Ayub Hall.The other major political parties consist of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) (46), Pakistan Tahreek e Insaf (PTI) (33), Muttahidda Qaumi Movement (MQM) (23), and Jamiat Ulama e Islam (F) (13).The Senate of Pakistan grants equal representation to all federating units, “which is in line with the constitutional role attributed to the Upper House i.e. Google(); req('single_work'); $('.js-splash-single-step-signup-download-button').one('click', function(e){ req_and_ready('single_work', function() ); new c. Pakistan is an Islamic federal republic with a multiparty parliamentary system of government largely based on the UK model pursuant to the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan.According to the National Assembly’s [t]he National Assembly is the country’s sovereign legislative body. Only the National Assembly, through its Public Accounts Committee, scrutinizes public spending and exercises control of expenditure incurred by the government.[30] Article 90 of the Constitution states that “the executive authority of the Federation shall be exercised in the name of the President by the Federal Government, consisting of the Prime Minister and the Federal Ministers, which shall act through the Prime Minister, who shall be the chief executive of the Federation.”[31] The Cabinet Ministers are made up of members from both houses of Parliament.It embodies the will of the people to let themselves be governed under the democratic, multi-party Federal Parliamentary System . According to article 91(4) of the Constitution, the Cabinet “is collectively responsible to the National Assembly, which elects the Prime Minister.”[32] However, the number of Cabinet ministers who are members of the Senate must not exceed one-fourth of the number of federal ministers.[33] Article 41(2) of the Constitution stipulates that a person shall not be qualified for election as President unless he is a Muslim of not less than forty-five years of age and is qualified to be elected as a member of the National Assembly.[34] The President is elected for a term of five years by an Electoral College consisting of the members of both houses of Parliament, as well as members of the provincial assemblies.[35] The President is considered the head of state.The Parliament was unicameral under the 1962 Constitution.In October 1966, the Parliament was shifted to Dhaka (which later became the capital of Bangladesh).[24] From 1972 onward, the State Bank auditorium in Islamabad functioned as the National Assembly of Pakistan.

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