Essay On Manpower Planning
Some of the quotable definitions given below to understand and properly the concept of man power planning.Manpower planning is the process (including forecasting, developing, implementing and controlling, by which a firm assures that it has the right number of people and right kind of people at the right places, at the right time, doing things for which, they are economically most useful.“An executive manpower planning programme may be defined as an appraisal of an organization’s ability to perpetuate itself with respect to its management as a determination of measures necessary to provide the essential executive talent”. Beath has said that “Manpower planning involves two stages.“Man power planning is process of determining and assures that the organization will have an adequate number of qualified persons available at the proper times, performing Jobs which meet the needs of the enterprise and which provide satisfaction for the individuals involved”. The first stage concerned with the detailed planning of manpower requirements for all types and level of employees throughout the period of the plan and the second stage is concerned with the right type of people from all sources to meet the plan requirements.” Walter has defined – “Manpower planning is the process by which management determines how the organisation should move from its current manpower position to its desired manpower position.This planning ensures the organization with good quality of people in adequate quantity for its various Jobs. Generally, most of the underdeveloped countries suffer with the shortage of man power through Job opportunities are available.It means it emphasize for the right number of people and right kind of people at the right places and the right time. Hence, in order to meet human resource need an organization should plan in advance its requirements and the sources because human resource is the most important asset of an organization.Assessment of personnel requirements has both numerical and qualitative dimensions, and it is intimately linked with the immediate and long range objectives and plans of the organization.
Manpower planning is also called human resource planning.
Being based on long-term estimates, manpower planning is forward-looking and future-oriented.
It is a process – process of determining manpower; process of forecasting, developing and controlling of manpower and the process of “determining how an organisation should form its current manpower position to its desired manpower position”.
However, given the pumping of enormous resources to develop ever new technology, personnel management should study the future skill requirements so that it can keep pace with technological developments.
An organization cannot remove workers with traditional skill sets.