Essay On Cultural Revolution Common Application Essay Help
Fifty years ago, Mao Zedong unleashed the Cultural Revolution, a decade-long upheaval that had dramatic, often violent effects across China.Here is an overview of those tumultuous years: The movement was fundamentally about elite politics, as Mao tried to reassert control by setting radical youths against the Communist Party hierarchy.More than 16 million young people were sent to the countryside, including Xi Jinping, China’s current president.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.The movement quickly escalated; many elderly people and intellectuals not only were verbally attacked but were physically abused. The Red Guards splintered into zealous rival factions, each purporting to be the true representative of Maoist thought.Mao’s own personality cult, encouraged so as to provide momentum to the movement, assumed religious proportions.But there were precursors in the months and years before that. 9, 1976, and the subsequent arrest of the Gang of Four, a radical faction of four political leaders including Mao’s wife, Jiang Qing, in October.
Young people battled Mao’s perceived enemies, and one another, as Red Guards, before being sent to the countryside in the later stages of the Cultural Revolution.
In the early years of the People’s Republic, educated young people from the cities were sent to the countryside to work on farms.
The movement accelerated during the Cultural Revolution, partly as a way to disperse the Red Guards.
He shut down China’s schools, and during the following months he encouraged Red Guards to attack all traditional values and “bourgeois” things and to test party officials by publicly criticizing them.
Mao believed that this measure would be beneficial both for the young people and for the party cadres that they attacked.