Essay On Autism College Essay Services
People with certain genetic disorders, such as fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis complex and Angelman syndrome, also tend to have autism, experts say. However, there are behavioral and educational therapies that may help reduce symptoms.And early diagnosis is key to connecting children with autism to treatment, Elsabbagh said."Drug therapies are by no means a substitute for the behavioral approaches," Elsabbagh said."They tend to be viewed as a complementary approach that overall fits within the child's treatment plan, but are a not a child's substitute for what therapies can do."What's more, the market is inundated with alternative treatments and diets that are not clinically proven to help people with autism."Sometimes the parents think these are substitutes and they choose not to put their children in behavioral treatments," Elsabbagh said."And that takes away every chance the child could have to have a more validated option." Most autism research focuses on children, but more researchers are beginning to examine how the disorder affects the lives of adults.
Furthermore, 35 percent of the children in the study received prescriptions for two types of these drugs, and 15 percent had three or more prescriptions, the study found.
ASD is an umbrella diagnosis in the DSM-5, replacing the four pervasive developmental disorders described in the previous edition — autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified.
Individuals display ASD symptoms on a continuum, or spectrum, showing ranges of mild to severe symptomatology.
One of the most frequently used therapies, Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), for instance, uses rewards to encourage people with autism to increase useful behavior and decrease impairing actions.
Parent-mediated interventions are also an effective therapy that teaches the caregivers how to help their children in a natural environment, such as the home.