Essay On African American Education Gnu Radio Thesis
A multi-part process of religious instruction unfolded.First came regular sermons geared toward the perceived level of the slaves’ mental capacity.Two events drove Southerners to discourage literacy.In the Stono Rebellion of 1739, more than 20 whites were killed by slaves attempting to escape to Florida.The foundation for these efforts came from the freed slaves themselves.According to James Anderson, author of The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935, “Former slaves were the first among native southerners to depart from the planters’ ideology of education and society, and campaign for universal, state-sponsored public education.
While conducting research on African American female seminaries, I found myself reaching back to a very rich yet little-known history of educational efforts by African Americans both during and after slavery.
Plantation missions were part of a greater reform movement to bring about holiness to the whole nation, including to the Negro slave.
To accomplish this, leaders of this movement had to demonstrate to the plantation owners that its religious efforts were not antithetical to slavery.
One of the important educational innovations in the immediate post-bellum era was the academy—primarily parochial day or boarding schools where the curricular focus was on reading, writing, and mathematics (although courses in cooking, sewing, and domestic arts were also offered.) When these schools were first started, the hope was that students would gain basic literacy so they could read the Bible, complete basic math computations, and understand labor contracts.
Instead, a classical liberal arts curriculum was brought to the school by white teachers, many of whom had gained experience in New England boarding schools, and then taught by African-American teachers as they took over instruction.